Conflicting positions arise: • free trade that advocates the removal of barriers. • protectionism that advocates the imposition of barriers as a protection mechanism. There are international organizations such as the world trade organization (wto) that work in favor of free trade and countries that reach agreements and trade treaties that reduce trade barriers are heading towards it. Types of barriers to international trade 1. Tariffs and taxes (vat) these are the taxes (tariff and vat mainly) that are imposed on the import of products originating in third countries.
Tariffs that must be paid at customs and be accompanied by the dua document. 2. Non-tariff it is a set of measures that restrict or prevent imports for different reasons: a) import ban it is not common, but there are goods whose trade is prohibited for reasons whatsapp number list of health, public order, security, etc. The export ban can be applied to avoid shortages or to protect the cultural heritage of a country. B) quotas restrictions regarding the quantity of a merchandise that can be imported in a certain period. As a consequence, the company that wants to import the product will need an authorization that assigns a part of the quota.
The customs services control the quota in such a way that only companies that have been allocated part of it are allowed to import. Once exhausted, import is prevented. C) commercial regimes they are established by the common commercial policy of the eu. They imply that, where appropriate, an operation may be subject to restrictions and prior documentary controls. There are basically 4 modes: – absolute commercial freedom (no prior document management is required). – surveillance (the operation is allowed, but must be reported with a specific document). – certification (a previous document is required that